Protection and rational use of land

Land reclamation and forest protection

An ecosystem approach allows the Company to consistently achieve high results during reclamation of used lands. The equipment and materials used by the Company help us minimize damage and the temporary load on the soil during land reclamation.

After reclamation is completed, our specialists continue monitoring young plants, if necessary they set out new ones.

A comprehensive approach to restoration of disturbed lands and strong discipline in the workplace allow “Surgutneftegas” PJSC for many years to be in good standing for the purpose of returning a large number of the land plots to the Forest Fund of the Russian Federation without delay. In 2023, the Company returned 5,822 hectares of land to the Forest Fund of the Russian Federation.

Period 2021 2022 2023

Return to the Forest Fund of the Russian Federation, ha

6,313

5,281

5,822

When choosing the reclamation technology, presented in the project documentation, the specialists are primarily guided by specific natural conditions at the location of the disturbed site. On the territory of Khanty-Mansiysky Autonomous Okrug — Yugra represented by a flat terrain with a large number of rivers, lakes and marshes, technology and equipment for reclamation are unique and selected individually for each type of landscape.

As part of measures taken by the Company to protect forests from fire, all stationary and mobile points of production sites are equipped with fire-fighting equipment, the machinery in use must be fitted with spark arresters. Mineralized fire barrier strips stretching in total for 313.75 kilometers are created or being cut through along the borders of the forests. We set up and operate 33 stations with fire-fighting equipment, erected and updated 982 fire safety banner stands.

Every year, “Surgutneftegas” PJSC restores forests; in 2023, 3,140 thousand common pine saplings and 187 thousand saplings of Siberian spruce were planted over the area of 1,122 hectares.

Land area in use by “Surgutneftegas” PJSC, ha

Pollution prevention and elimination

“Surgutneftegas” PJSC has every opportunity for elimination of oil and oil product spills as well as further in-house reclamation of disturbed lands, but its priority remains to prevent potential threats of oil and oil product spills and their negative consequences.

“Surgutneftegas” PJSC set up an out-of-staff accident rescue unit for elimination of oil and oil products spills consisting of eight squads. This unit operates at oil and gas production divisions of the Company and at the lubricants and chemical additives facility of Vitim in the technical maintenance and equipment completing base in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). In 2021, the out-of-staff accident rescue unit was recertified to perform the works for search and rescue operations, elimination of oil and oil product spills in the territory of the Russian Federation, excluding internal sea waters and territorial sea (16/2-1, No. 04094 dated 28.07.2021, Reg. No. 16/2-1-490).

The Company’s out-of-staff accident rescue unit is outfitted with modern equipment, special vehicles, means of communication and materials for eliminating oil and oil product spills on the surface of water bodies, in the coastal zone and on land, as well as for land reclamation.

The procedures for the out-of-staff accident rescue unit are provided for in plans for prevention and elimination of oil and oil products spills. In accordance with the requirements of the legislation, the Company developed and the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources (Rosprirodnadzor) approved 11 plans in 2023. After the comprehensive exercises and the confirmation of the Company’s readiness to localize and eliminate oil and oil products spills, the plans were agreed upon by Rosprirodnadzor and taken into account.

A high level of equipment availability, impeccable professional training of the rescuers, skills brought to automatism and, of course, complete mutual understanding and support allow the squads to efficiently act in any conditions despite the type of terrain, weather or season, and to avoid the spread of oil and oil products spills and the death of animals.

In 2023, “Surgutneftegas” PJSC conducted comprehensive exercises involving the representatives of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia), the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources (Rosprirodnadzor) and the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision (Rostekhnadzor). They attested to the Company’s readiness to effectively eliminate up to 20,000 cubic meters of oil spills (the maximum volumes possible for its facilities) in the most unfavorable conditions: at extremely low temperatures, in conditions of insufficient visibility, without roads, driveways, with a snow cover of 1.5 meters or more, etc.

In 2023, there were two incidents of pipeline depressurization with a spill of process liquid; one of them occurred due to unauthorized (criminal) tie-in into the pipeline, the other one were due to corrosion. The total spill area was 0.1141 hectares. The works for elimination of oil spills have been performed in full.