Key areas of environmental activity
In order to assure the successful implementation of the provisions of the Company’s Environmental policy, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC prioritizes and makes its own business units to strictly adhere to the comprehensive measures of the Ecology program which is aimed mainly at systematic planned mitigation of the industrial impact upon the environment.
Principal areas of the Ecology program:
- construction of environmental facilities;
- ensuring environmental safety of oil production facilities, including pipelines;
- protection and rational use of land;
- air protection;
- protection and rational use of water resources;
- industrial waste decontamination and utilization;
- monitoring of natural environment components and control over production facilities operation;
- environmental training and education of the personnel;
- implementation of «green office» principles in each administrative building of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC;
- research studies in the field of environmental protection.
The Company annually ensures a steadily high level of investments under the Ecology program. For the last five years, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC spent over RUB 97.4 billion on environmental protection measures and environmental safety.
In 2017, investments of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC in environmental protection totaled RUB 21.1 billion. In 2018, the Company is planning to spend RUB 17.6 billion on these purposes.
In 2017, payments for the negative environmental impact amounted to RUB 51.3 million, including
The increase of payments for the negative impact in 2017 without an increase of pollutant emissions (discharges), volume of waste disposed is due to changes in the payment record keeping system since 1 January 2016, introduction of requirements on quarterly advance payments and changes in application of additional rates when calculating the amount of payment for a negative impact.
Environmental facilities and equipment availability
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC having the best available technologies ensures rational use of associated petroleum gas, recycling of wastes, drilling waste utilization and sludge pits reclamation. To carry out
Among the assets, which ensure the environmental safety of the production are:
- gas processing plant;
- 23 gas turbine power plants and 7 gas reciprocating engine power plants (GTPP, GREPP);
- compressor station for gas injection;
- 2 gas processing units;
- 111 initial water separation units (IWSU);
- 6 centers for oily soil decontamination;
- 3 centers for sludge decontamination with sludge storage ponds, units for oily fluid recovery and
- 4 mobile units for tank cleaning and initial oil sludge treatment, including
- 33 single and multiple cell sludge storage ponds with a total capacity of 81 thousand cubic meters;
- 10 units for thermal oil sludge decontamination with a total capacity of 70 thousand cubic meters per year;
- 4 landfills for disposal of solid household and industrial wastes designed to accommodate production and consumption waste with a total capacity of 1,151 thousand cubic meters;
- 24 mobile Forsazh units for thermal decontamination of solid oily waste with a total capacity of 17.28 thousand tonnes per year;
- units for shredding waste paper and
non-returnableplastic containers with a capacity of 1,150 kilograms per hour and 50 kilograms per hour respectively;
- a tire recycling plant for recycling
worn-outtires and inner tubes with a capacity of 5 thousand tonnes per year;
- a workshop for application of
anti-corrosioncoating on pipes and pipeline fittings with a capacity of 720 kilometers of pipes and 15 thousand fittings (in a single-shiftmode of operation) per year.
A high level of environmental safety of production in the whole territory of the Company’s operation, including new regions, is ensured by sustainable financing of environmental protection measures.
The annual ongoing costs of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC for environmental protection are made up of a number of different costs, including those of repairing and replacing pipes, protecting oilfield equipment and facilities from corrosion, preventing equipment failures and elimination of their consequences, preventing oil spills and their cleanup, air protection, industrial wastewater treatment, waste management, land reclamation, environmental monitoring and research work.
Environmental safety of oilfield facilities
Accident risk mitigation measures
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC implements a
Reduction of accident risks at the oilfield pipelines is ensured by implementation of innovative technologies and diagnostic methods, timely preventive measures, replacing of pipelines, creation of modern methodology and technical regulatory basis that regulates these issues.
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC takes a systematic approach based on package solutions for optimized quality control of construction and safe maintenance of field pipelines. The Company’s spheres of activity to increase the operational reliability of the field pipelines are:
pre-engineeringwork, design and examination of project documentation in terms of environmental safety;
- destructive and
non-destructivereceipt inspection of tubular goods (pipes, fittings);
- dehydration of well production in initial water separation units;
- use of pipes with external and an internal
- pipeline inhibitor protection;
- field pipeline corrosion monitoring;
- regular ground and air patrolling and inspection of field pipelines;
- timely routine repairs and overhaul of field pipelines;
- conducting hydraulic calculations for field pipeline systems;
- control over pressure and volume balance of pumped fluids;
- creation and maintenance databases, computer modeling of the existing systems of field pipelines for the purpose of their optimization.
Receipt inspection of pipes
Performance reliability of field pipeline systems is important in each phase of operation starting from receipt inspection and compliance verification of pipes. Receipt inspection is conducted for 100% of pipes for oil and oil and gas pipelines of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC.
To ensure environmental safety of the pipelines and maintain a high level of pipes quality, the Company performs receipt inspection of the pipes using destructive and
Field pipeline corrosion monitoring
Pipeline corrosion monitoring, i.e. constant control over risk factors, causing corrosion of field pipelines, allows the Company to make highly accurate assessment of the technical condition of a pipeline.
The main reason for loss of integrity of field pipelines is their corrosive wear due to aggressiveness of transported liquids. Among other risk factors — the pumping mode of well production, temperature and the condition of pipeline metal.
The most accurate data on the status of field pipelines in the operating conditions can be acquired through aggressiveness monitoring of transported mediums, pipeline pigging, thickness gauging.
Corrosion monitoring of field pipelines «Surgutneftegas» PJSC is performed at 728 points of control. This method is a tool for managing the efficiency of
Based on the pipelines condition data the Company organized routine repairs and overhaul. In 2017, 579.9 kilometers of pipelines underwent overhauls.
Development of the system of pipeline integrity management by «Surgutneftegas» PJSC allowed us to decrease the risk of pipeline failures by 10 times. Corrosion and comprehensive inhibitors are used to increase the reliability of pipelines and mitigate the risks of corrosion damage to pipes.
The Company implemented the system of process chemicalization which includes
Receipt inspection of corrosion inhibitors is made by means of
Use of pipes with an internal
The use of pipes with improved corrosion resistance and especially — with an internal
Timely application of pipes and fittings with internal protective coating in the pipeline system is currently beyond question. Since 2013, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC has been implementing programs of capital construction, reconstruction and overhaul of oil and gas pipelines using only pipes with
The Company employs goods produced by its own plant that applies internal
Since the commissioning, the Company has produced more than 1,700 kilometers of pipelines and 47,000 fittings with an internal coating. In 2017, due to production optimization the Company managed to increase the amount of goods produced: the Company produced 619.1 kilometers of pipes and 27,675 pipeline fittings. To protect welded pipe joints having an internal
In 2017, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC introduced 796.5 kilometers of pipelines with internal
By the end of 2018, the amount of pipelines with internal
Dehydration of oil in IWSUs
Transportation of dehydrated oil is an effective method of corrosion protection. For 10 years, the Company has been using initial water separation units at the booster pump stations that are based on
The use of this equipment is crucial at watered, marsh areas with the huge amount of water courses which are typical of the Company’s areas of operation. The territory where «Surgutneftegas» PJSC operates is characterized by a high level of marshiness: at different sites it varies from 40% to 90%.
Dehydration of oil is performed at 111
Due to preventive measures in 2017, the Company managed to perform accident free operation of its field pipelines.
Apart from accident risk mitigation, the use of initial water separation units allows the Company to reduce the specific quantity of metal for pipelines and energy consumption during oil pumping at field pipelines, save and rationally use the water resources.
Protection and rational use of land
Land reclamation and forest protection
For many years, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC has been in good standing in terms of land reclamation and land parcels return to the Forest Fund of the Russian Federation. Their timely return is made annually in accordance with programs and project documentation of the Company.
An ecosystem approach allows the Company to consistently achieve high results during technical and biological reclamation of used lands. The technical stage of disturbed lands rehabilitation involves agrotechnical measures to make a layer of soil with properties favorable for biological reclamation, i.e. a complex of revegetation measures to restore the fertility of disturbed lands.
The Company’s costs for protection and reclamation of lands, surface and ground water reserves exceed RUB 2 billion.
Pollution prevention and elimination
The priority direction of land protection is prevention of land from oil and oil products contamination. Timely elimination of such pollution consequences, if necessary, is done using the Company’s own resources.
The Company ensures instant readiness of forces and means for elimination of possible consequences of accidents and incidents, oil and oil products spills elimination and the following rehabilitation of polluted land. The complex of
- 136 oil skimmers designed to operate in various oil viscosities and under diverse weather and climatic conditions;
- 4 skimmer boats for skimming of oil on the surface of rivers and lakes, including
- 6 shallow water trimarans;
- 12.78 kilometers of
- 20.48 kilometers of fast deployable mobile booms both lightweight and reinforced made of
frost-proofmaterials for onshore protection;
- 15.17 kilometers of absorbent booms;
- 45 mobile tanks for temporary oil storage;
- 22 sprinklers for biological agents and bacteria treatment;
- 9 units for producing thermally exfoliated graphite absorbent (
U-SRTG) with the capacity of 30 kilograms per hour;
- 31 multifunctional floating platforms equipped with an attached system for water bodies and inshore zone integrated treatment;
- 32 vacuum dump trucks and 51 tank trucks for oil products pumpdown and transportation from the areas of oil spills;
- 147 dump trucks for oily soil transportation;
all-terrainvehicles with excavators and other equipment.
The oil spill prevention and response system of the Company is unique and meets international environmental safety standards for the oil industry.
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC is the Russian fuel and energy industry leader in terms of efficient utilization of associated petroleum gas. Air protection measures are aimed at mitigation of a negative impact of production processes. It is achieved through reduction of emissions of pollutants to the atmosphere, particularly due to rational use of associated petroleum gas.
At present, the Company ensures a record level of associated petroleum gas utilization of more than 99%, it was reached in 2012. The milestone of 95% was successfully passed in 2008. The Company zealously develops the ways of APG processing and its further utilization for electric power generation reaching a significant reduction of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere in the amount of 3 million tonnes per year.
Protection and rational use of water resources
The Company performs surface and ground water abstraction for industrial, technological, economic and domestic needs in strict compliance with the regulatory documents, and strives to reduce the fresh water consumption. The water protection measures are aimed at resource saving, rational water use and prevention of water bodies pollution.
Due to the implemented package of measures, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC manages to minimize the impact on the water bodies. According to the results of monitoring of the environmental components at the Company’s license blocks, the impact on the environment is described as acceptable.
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC applies innovative technologies that allow waste utilization, decontamination and processing. The Company manages to utilize and decontaminate 100% of generated oil sludge, used oils, tires with fabric and metal cords in its production process.
A comprehensive approach to solving waste management tasks, technologies and equipment employed allow the Company to maintain a low specific factor of waste generation and disposal (0.013 tonnes and 0.004 tonnes per 1 tonne of produced oil respectively).
Sludge pits reclamation
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC provides effective restoration of ecological functions of disturbed lands occupied by sludge pits by means of enhanced scientifically and economically proved technologies of reclamation. One of the most important priorities of the corporate Ecology program is to reduce the negative impact of drilling wastes disposed in sludge pits.
Based on the results of a
In the reporting year, 21 sludge pits were successfully reclaimed using this method. Forest rehabilitation enables to make full use of the natural
High effectiveness of the method is proved by the results of research of phytocenoses formed on the reclaimed sludge pits. Such vegetation communities — that include the Red Book species — surpass dominating phytocenoses in productivity and biological diversity.
Numerous advantages of the forest rehabilitation technology used by «Surgutneftegas» PJSC in comparison with other disturbed lands reclamation methods arouse reasonable interest from other largest Russian oil and gas producing companies.
Monitoring of natural environment components and control over production facilities operation
There is a production environmental monitoring system established in «Surgutneftegas» PJSC, it provides constant monitoring of the environment and assessment of its changes allowing the Company to timely identify the adverse changes that happen under the influence of anthropogenic and natural factors.
The observational network of environmental monitoring has been operating at the Company’s license blocks for many years. Now the area that has been monitored by is around 150 thousand square kilometers. An extensive database has been developed that provides information about contamination of environmental components of license blocks prior to the commencement of their commercial development (initial (background) contamination) and after the fields are put in development, along with local environmental monitoring.
Industrial environmental control
In the Year of Ecology and specially protected natural reservations, the Ecological Council started functioning in the Company; it is chaired by First Deputy Director General of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC who supervises the entire environmental management system of the Company. Industrial environmental control (IEC) is its integral part.
The Company has the effective vertically integrated
The industrial environmental control activities are arranged annually according to the plan with mandatory preparation. Industrial control measures in the field of waste management can be either
The Company oversees compliance of the inspected facilities with the natural environmental legislation, ecological safety standards and
Fulfillment of proposals and instructions is controlled without preliminary notification of the person to be inspected. The Company monitors fulfillment of the instructions every month. The results obtained are reported at the
IEC results are accounted, analyzed and summarized to be further used in implementation of industrial control over waste management.
Environmental education and professional training of employees
Environmental education and training of employees are important aspects in maintaining the level of environmental safety of production, they contribute to the awareness and acceptance by the Company’s employees and contractors of the principles of respect for the environment and natural resources, and strict compliance with the requirements of the environmental legislation of the Russian Federation.
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC encourages the personnel to develop their competence by participating in professional skills competitions «
Avoidance of accidents and defects,
To ensure regular professional training of its employees in handling wastes of hazard classes
The Company continues training of specialists in ambient air protection.
As part of implementation of the agreement on cooperation between Surgutneftegas and the Center for preservation and restoration of wetland ecosystems of the Institute of Forestry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a workshop on the spatial analysis of environmental risks of the optimal location of oil production facilities in SPNR was conducted using modern information technologies.
In the reporting period, the Company’s business units and headquarters took part in
In the Year of Ecology, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC arranged dozens of environmental protection actions: planting of greenery, flowers, landscape improving, cleaning of city parks and squares, sports facilities, forests and other sites adjacent to the settlements where the Company’s enterprises are based.
A new alley of flowering shrubs planted in honor of the 40th anniversary of the foundation of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC has become a real decoration of Kedrovy Log Park (Surgut).
Environmental education of personnel is an essential part of large socially significant work. Numerous employees of the Company participate in implementation of environmental initiatives, often bringing along children to the events, with an understanding of importance of forming in families a system of environmental knowledge from the earliest age.
The Company continues systematic work to upgrade the skills of personnel in the field of environment protection and environmental safety aimed at implementation of the Environmental policy of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC.
Implementation of «green office» principles
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC maintains ecostandards that enable to cut costs on upkeeping office premises. Implementation of «green office» principles in administrative buildings of the Company is one of the Ecology program areas to support reduced consumption of natural resources and electric power and adequate waste management.
The «green office» principles are implemented through the following activities:
- usage of modern
energy-saving(LED, electrodeless, fluorescent) lamps and spotlights in indoor and outdoor lighting systems;
- usage of electronic ballasts in fluorescent spotlights;
- usage of programming units and motion sensors in indoor lighting systems and daylight sensors and automatic switches in the outdoor lighting;
- optimization of operating mode of electrical equipment and heat consumption of buildings;
- replacement of air conditioners with multi systems;
- implementation of energy efficient pumping modules and ventilators;
- usage of power filters at workplaces to switch off simultaneously several units of equipment after completing work;
- implementation of metering devices, water flow and heat consumption regulators.
The Company utilizes the electronic document flow (the DIRECTUM system) which has reduced the number of printed documents, including
The paper used by the Company’s headquarters and business units as well as packing board and other wastes related to stationery and paperwork are collected and disposed to be processed by its own unit. Shredded and compressed paper wastes are valuable recyclable material which is transfered to specialized enterprises under the contracts for its further use.
Centralized work on the collection of waste paper, the exclusion of its burial is conducted in all business units of «Surgutneftegas» PJSC, it covers all administrative buildings of the Company and is aimed at implementation of «green office» principles.
The Biodiversity conservation program, as part of the Ecology program, includes monitoring of biodiversity indicator species in the vicinity of production facilities of the Company, restoration of aquatic biological resources, forest rehabilitation activities and scientific research.
Leading experts of Lomonosov Moscow State University and the Institute for Biological Problems and Cryolithozone, Siberian Branch of RAS, have developed lists of key biocenoses indicator species (vascular plants, mosses, lichens, birds, mammals) for
More than 36 million young fish (peled, muksun, sturgeon) were released into water bodies in 2017 in order to restore biological resources and maintain biodiversity, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC allocated around RUB 120 million for this. In the course of remediation activities, more than 515,000 pine saplings were planted. Expenditures on this part of the biodiversity conservation program exceeded RUB 13 million.
The Company is among the top three enterprises of the
Biological monitoring in Numto nature park continued in the reporting year, as well as monitoring of bioresources in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) where the Company operates.
Bird protection devices were installed on power lines in Numto nature park in 2017. Bird protection devices are installed on the power supply network facilities in the southern part of the nature park, where earlier during the ornithological researches the habitats of peregrin falcons where discovered. These falcons are a rare bird species requiring a special protection. The work was done under the agreement on cooperation concluded between «Surgutneftegas» PJSC and
Financing of the biodiversity conservation program equaled RUB 7 billion in the reporting year, the amount of funding for 2018 is planned at the same level.
Support of specially protected natural reservations and other territories with special mode of management
The Company strictly observes the special order of business activities, particularly, when operating within SPNR. It adheres to its Environmental policy which provides for compliance with the rules and customs adopted in the places of residence of the
Cooperation with Budgetary Institution of
In March 2017, Interregional conference «Current state and perspectives of the specially protected natural reservations network in the industrially developed regions» was held in connection with the 20th anniversary of Numto nature park. The conference was arranged by the Government of
In order to organize joint work to minimize the negative impact of the Company’s business activities on the hydrology of wetlands within Numto nature park and in Uvatsky District of Tyumenskaya Oblast, in 2017, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC concluded an agreement on cooperation with Federal State Budgetary Institution — State Hydrological Institute. The Institute analyzed the net of marsh water drip lines in the area where the Company production facilities are located in Numto nature park and developed the plan of actions to prevent potential disturbances in hydrological regime of the territory. As part of implementation of the agreement with the Center for conservation and restoration of wetland ecosystems of Institute of Forestry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a spatial analysis on environmental risks was conducted during planning of the locations for oil production facilities in the nature park, recommendations were developed to prevent a possible impact of production facilities of the Company on the marsh ecosystems within the nature park.
There are checkpoints and barrier gates in place along the Company’s field roads in order to protect the facilities of the fuel and energy complex and to limit unauthorized access to places of traditional residence of indigenous people.
In 2017, a customary survey of the territory within the site area of Sacred Lake Imlor was conducted by the representatives of public organizations, regulatory and supervisory bodies and local authorities, which not only resulted in lack of comments on the operation of the Company, but also in a high assessment of the ecological condition of the territory.
The high results have been achieved by the Company through implementation of a number of actions with a view to ensure water and air resources protection and prevent territories from becoming polluted with production and consumption wastes as well as oil spills. In particular, environmental monitoring of the territory is performed, 100% of oilfield pipelines in the lake area have been upgraded, and all the pipelines have an inner coating.
The measures taken ensure
Research studies in the field of environmental protection
In order to improve the effectiveness of environmental measures and enhance the environmental safety system, the Company collaborates with scientific institutions and public organizations, conducts its own research and appraisal works.
In 2017, a team of scientists from Lomonosov Moscow State University,
In the reporting year, scientists of Surgut State University carried out a detailed expedition study of biota components and performed an ecological and biological assessment of water bodies potentially suitable for use as water pits within Numto nature park.
The Institute for Biological Problems and Cryolithozone, Siberian Branch of RAS, has been performing monitoring of bioresources and cryolithozone within the
The results of the researches will serve to make management decisions aimed at minimizing the negative impact of oil production facilities on the environment.
«Surgutneftegas» PJSC is one of the leaders in oil and gas industry possessing modern production facilities and technology which allow to constantly
- In 2008, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC was awarded the annual prize promoted by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation as the Best Environmental Project of the Year;
- In 2009, based on the analysis of the Company’s environmental activity since 2000 and government statistics for natural resources utilization, water and air pollution, wastes and the area of disturbed lands, the Independent Ecological Rating Agency established by the International
Socio-EcologicalUnion included «Surgutneftegas» PJSC in the top rating of socially and environmentally responsible companies by the results of 2009 (5th position);
- In 2012 and 2013, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC is acknowledged as the Best Enterprise of the Yugra Energy Sector
- in terms of environmental protection among the producers with over 5 million tonnes of oil per year;
- In 2013, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC became the winner in the competition «100 best companies of Russia. Ecology and Environmental Management» and «Contribution to Yugra in the Year of Environmental Protection»;
- In 2014, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC was the top company in the Environmental Responsibility Rating of Oil & Gas Companies in Russia, which has been organized by World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Creon energy group.
- In 2015, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC once again took the first place in Environmental Responsibility Rating of Oil & Gas Companies of Russia issued with the participation of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the National Rating Agency and was recognized as the winner in the regional contest «The best oil and gas enterprise of the Yugra energy sector in terms of environmental protection» in the nomination «Producers with over 5 million tonnes of oil production per year».
- In 2016 and 2017, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC was among the top three in the Rating of environmental responsible Russian oil and gas companies and took the honourable third place.
- In 2017, «Surgutneftegas» PJSC won
All-Russiacontest «Leader of environmental protection in Russia — 2017» in the category «Best environmentally responsible company in oil production industry». Once again the Company won the Environmental Responsibility Rating of Oil & Gas Companies of Russia organized in cooperation with the World Wildlife Fund and the National Rating Agency.