Specially protected natural reservations
WORK CODE IN SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL RESERVATIONS
In accordance with licenses for subsoil use, OJSC «Surgutneftegas» performs prospecting, exploration and production of hydrocarbons as well as development and construction of fields, the area of which may partially fall within the boundaries of specially protected natural reservations (SPNR).
SPNR is an area requiring compliance with certain ethical standards and strict adherence to the rules of conduct determined by a number of historical, ethnographic and ecological factors.
There is a significant number of representatives of the indigenous minorities of the North in the regions of the Company’s activities — the Khanty, the Mansi, the forest Nenets and other nationalities whose lifestyle and culture are special and unique.
Spiritual culture is a complex phenomenon which is based on the traditional world view that defines religious beliefs of the people and relevant legal and ethical standards of conduct in relation to nature, society and a human being. The basis of religious beliefs of some people of the North (e.g. the Khanty) is animism — the belief in the existence of protective spirits, attribution of a living soul to nature. The religion of the Nenets is mainly represented by Orthodoxy with a strong influence of animism.
There are places that are important for indigenous people — places of worship, family shrines, family and public burial grounds, individual graveyards, etc. - in the territory of OJSC «Surgutneftegas» activities. The sacred sites and rituals related to them reflect the views of indigenous people on the spiritual and material connection between human beings and environment. The rituals performed at the sacred sites are actions that contribute to constant actualization of this connection and values of the world. Therefore, destruction of a sacred site leads to breaking of a chain between men and nature.
Privacy and taboo are main features of behavior related to the sacred sites. The indigenous people try to get round them. Moreover, it is strictly forbidden for outsiders to be in these places. Registration and protection of the sacred sites requires special tools based on respect and trust.
It is forbidden to touch anything, cut down trees and disturb the peace of the world of spirits worshiped by the indigenous people at the sacred sites. Compliance with the rules of conduct and prohibitions by the employees of OJSC «Surgutneftegas» and contractors is very important for them.
While carrying out operations in SPNR, the main objective of the Company is maximum preservation of the primordial environment, traditional way of life, economic activities and industries of the indigenous people residing there.
In specially protected natural reservations, OJSC «Surgutneftegas» strives to:
- minimize the number and area of industrial sites and infrastructure facilities through implementation of the best technologies for exploration, production and transportation of oil and gas;
- minimize the negative impact on the environment by reducing emissions, effluents and waste, eliminating
man-madeimpact outside the areas designated for industrial facilities;
- prevent equipment and personnel presence and movement outside the industrial sites and facilities designated for these purposes without proper authorization;
- organize field operations examining the area of the proposed location of industrial sites for the presence of
ethno-archeologicaland ethnographic objects, and if any, transfer of industrial facilities outside the area, according to technological capabilities;
- ensure subsequent restoration of original natural functions of the territory, including resource functions preserving traditional way of life and industries of the indigenous people, through detailed examination of the area of the proposed location of industrial sites and consideration of ecosystem functions at the design stage;
- establish clear prohibitions for the staff working in SPNR.
Basic standards of the Company’s employees conduct in SPNR
When carrying out activities in SPNR every employee of OJSC «Surgutneftegas» and its contractors must:
1. Complete the appropriate unscheduled briefing prior to admission to work in SPNR.
2. Strictly observe the ban on bringing in alcohol beverages, fire arms, fishing and hunting equipment, explosives and hazardous chemicals, dogs and other animals; provide obligatory inspection of vehicles and personal belongings at the checkpoint at the entrance to SPNR.
3. Be present only at industrial sites and facilities, not go outside of them, even after business hours, and not carry out fishing, wild harvest gathering, hunting, etc.
4. Ensure strict compliance with the rules and environmental requirements during business hours and off duty.
5. Respect the indigenous people, their culture and traditions, ensure preservation of shrines and other places of worship.
6. Inform the population in advance and agree arrivals of employees at the nomads camps to deal with any cases when it is necessary with the administration.
7. Observe guest etiquette when visiting nomads camps and other living areas of the indigenous population. It is better to coordinate all actions with hosts, exclude informal vocabulary, loud and aggressive tone, etc.
8. In case of getting into sacred places, graveyards and family burial grounds, discovering archaeological and ethnographic monuments of history and culture of the indigenous people, it is strictly prohibited to:
- perform desecrating behavior and actions;
- take photos and make videos;
- touch sacrificial gifts to the gods (fabric, ritual and household accessories, skins, deer antlers and bones or their fragments) placed in trees or already fallen;
- carry out cutting of trees, berry picking, hunting, fishing and arranging of a campsite;
- visit shrines by women regardless of their nationality.
9. Keep as quiet as possible during deer calving from late April to
10. Note that everything made by man, as well as